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Hoa Lu ancient citadel

Hoa Lu ancient capital was the first of its kind in Truong Yen Commune, Hoa Lu District, Ninh Binh. It is approximately 100km south of Hanoi. In 968, Dinh Bo Linhs throne in Hoa Lo lasted for 41 years, till 1009. The DInh Dynasty ruled for 12 years while the Le Dynasty ruled the next 29 years. For hundreds of years, Hoa Lu was a thriving kingdom. The mountains that surround the capital intertwine beautifully with Hoang Long River and the Nho Quan, Gia Vien fields. The area also functioned as the perfect line of defense for the revolutionaries, with its deep trenches. Hoa Lu measures 300 hectares in width which includes the inside and outside areas, and is also surrounded by mountain ranges which create a magnificent landscape.

The area outside the ancient capital measured 140 hectares widthwise, and belonged to Yen Thanh Village, Truong Yen Commune. The palace of the Dinh Dynasty is in the area. The Le Temple is at the center and the ancient capital was also the same location where Dinh Tien Hoang established the country. Before the palace was constructed, Mount Ma Yen stood proudly on its unfettered grounds. Chi Phong Village is found inside the ancient capital. The village reared and trained maids and children for the royal court. The Southern area of the capital is flanked by soaring mountains and rivers.

In 1010, Ly Thai To transferred the capital from Hoa Lu to Thang Long. During the reign of Le Hoan, many spectacular palaces were constructed such as Phong Luu Palace, Bach Thao Thien Tue Palace, Cuc Lac Palace, Bong Lai Palace, Truong Xuan Palace, Hoa Van Palace, and Long Loc Palace which stands out because of its silver roof. Time, rains, and sunshine for more than a decade led to the slow deterioration of Hoa Lus ancient relics and architecture. But the temple constructed by the Le and Dinh Dynasty in the 17th century remains intact.

Dinh Temple was constructed behind the ancient palaces and renowned places such as Ngo Mon, Mount Gia, flower garden, and lotus lake. There is also a magnificent monolithic stone called Long Sang near the temple. There is a statue of Dinh Tien Hoang and his son inside the temple. Many visitors come to worship the statue because of the work done by Dinh to establish Vietnam as a country. There are several carved images in stone and wood which depict images of dragons, clouds, flowers, and fairies. The carvings follow an intricate pattern.

Le Temple is approximately 500m from Dinh Temple. Le Temple is small in size but has four sections which are Bai Duong (where worship of Pham Cu Luong took place), Le Dai Hanh, Le Ngoa Trieu, and Duong Van Nga. Le Temple has retained its old vestiges of ancient design and intricate decoration. Upon visiting, tourists will discover the history behind the ancient ceramics and palaces in the region. Most of the ancient relics are kept on the left room inside the temple. There are also well-known attractions inside the temple such as Nhat Tru and Ngan Xuyen, which attracts several visitors yearly. A visit to Hoa Lu will take tourists on a historical, scenic, and cultural experience that they will never forget.

 

 
     
 


Hoa Lu ancient citadel


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